The Hunter article introduced key drivers necessary to enable change to happen in designing spaces for learning. The design considerations included are still useful, though a “manual” as such could fall into the trap of becoming outdated considering how quickly change is happening in learning environments. On the flip side, it would be useful to have tools, similar to Make Space by Doorley & Witthoft (2012) to provide design insights for all stakeholders involved in the design process. Perhaps, what is needed is an online “manual” (shared on a wiki or similar) that could evolve as design and learning environments change. Similar to what McIntosh (2014, 99) shared with the East Lothian Council online documents regarding social media policy, so that even today it provides a “blanket common strategy for dealing in a flexible manner with an ever-changing field”. It would also allow for organizations to create their own self-determined models using it as a framework.


Doorley, S. & Witthoft, S. (2012). Make space: how to set the stage for creative collaboration. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Hunter, B. (2006) The eSpaces Study: Designing, developing and managing learning spaces for effective learning,New Review of Academic Librarianship, 12:2, 61-81. DOI: 10.1080/13614530701330398. Retrieved from:

McIntosh, E. (2014). How to come up with great ideas. Edinburgh: NoTosh Publishing [ebook].